Reclaiming Our Way promoting the well-being of African American children & families

7Jan/160

Turns Out Monkey Bars And Kickball Might Be Good For The Brain: Old Knowledge Always Returns

Here's a very brief piece about the importance of "recess" within schools, something more and more schools are either decreasing, or completely eliminating, from the typical child's school day. It's from this past Monday (1/3/16) on NPR.

I won't add much commentary here, except to say that it's interesting that all of these creative and more developmentally appropriate "innovations" (more like returning to ancient practices) appear to pop up more frequently in places not heavily populated by Black and Brown people. I'm not sure about this particular effort, but I do know that in the schools closest to me, recess is either (nearly) non-existent, or has been turned into structured group (frequently quiet) time with minimal chance for children to be like children.

The piece is less than 5 minutes long, and the full article is can be read here. A few excerpts highlighting the major points are also provided just below. I encourage folks to do the quick listen and read, though.

But in one sense, recess at Eagle Mountain is different. Journey gets more opportunities to role-play than many of her peers, because recess happens a lot here — four times a day, 15 minutes a pop for kindergartners and first-graders.

That's much more time on the playground than most public school kids get in the U.S. Over the past couple of decades, schools have cut recess time to make room for tests and test prep.

Ask Journey why she and her friends get so much more recess time, and she giggles. "Lucky," she says.

But ask the adults, and they'll tell you it's because Eagle Mountain is part of a project in which the school day is modeled after the Finnish school system, which consistently scores at or near the top in international education rankings. The project's designer is Texas Christian University kinesiologist Debbie Rhea.

"I went over there to find out where they've come in the last 20 to 25 years. Yes, their test scores are good, but they are also healthy in many regards," she says.

The biggest difference Rhea noticed was that students in Finland get much more recess than American kids do. "So, I came back with the idea to bring recess back to the schools. Not just one recess, but multiple recesses."

This year, Eagle Mountain Elementary started tripling recess time, from 20 minutes to an hour. The program also focuses on character development —things like empathy and positive behavior.

Rhea is working with a handful of local schools already. More will join next year in Texas, California and Oklahoma.

Teachers at Eagle Mountain say they've seen a huge transformation in their students. They say kids are less distracted, they make more eye contact, and they tattle less.

And then there's the longer term impact on a school's ability to move through their curriculum, as well as key benefits to children's brain development...

Wells and fellow first-grade teacher Donna McBride have six decades of teaching between them and say this year feels different. They were nervous about fitting in all the extra recess and covering the basics, but Wells says that halfway through the school year, her kids are way ahead of schedule.

"If you want a child to be attentive and stay on task, and also if you want them to encode the information you're giving them in their memory, you've got to give them regular breaks," says Ohio State University pediatrician Bob Murray.

He has compiled research that backs up what teachers at Eagle Mountain are seeing in class. Murray says brain imaging has shown that kids learn better after a break for physical activity and unstructured play.

He and his colleagues wrote up a policy statement for the American Academy of Pediatrics suggesting that kids with regular recess behave better, are physically healthier and exhibit stronger social and emotional development. That's as school districts nationwide have been taking recess out of the school day.

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